AUSTIN, TX - MARCH 11: U.S. President Barack Obama participates in a South by Southwest Interactive panel conversation with Evan Smith, Editor-in-Chief and CEO of the Texas Tribune news service, about civic engagement in the 21st Century before an audience of creators, early adopters and entrepreneurs on March 11, 2016 in Austin, Texas. Other speakers includeCasey Gerald, co-founder and CEO of MBAs Across America, and will talk about civic engagement in the 21st Century. (Photo by Erich Schlegel/Getty Images)

What Obama Thinks of Privacy vs. Security in the Age of Apple vs. FBI

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File this under, politicians: they’re just like us.

US President Barack Obama made a stop at Torchy’s Tacos in Austin, TX, before presenting a keynote at the South by Southwest Interactive (SXSW) festival on Friday afternoon.

“I love Austin, Texas,” Obama said to a cheering crowd as he sat down with Evan Smith, founder, CEO and Editor in Chief of the Texas Tribune to discuss 21st century civic engagement in a conversation that touched on encryption, the digital divide, and the private sector’s role in modernizing government’s use of technology.

Obama said that at this moment in history where technology, globalization and the economy is changing so fast, there are enormous opportunities, but the disruptions can be unsettling. In an hour-long conversation, Obama weighed in on several topics, including the controversial Apple vs. FBI encryption case.

Apple vs. FBI: Where the President Sits on Privacy vs. Security

For obvious reasons, Obama couldn’t comment on the specific case between Apple vs. FBI, but he did talk about privacy vs. security at a broad-level – the delicate balancing act of ensuring citizens are safe while respecting their fundamental right to privacy.

“All of us value our privacy, and this is a society that is built on the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, and a healthy skepticism of overreaching government,” he said, noting that the Edward Snowden revelations have elevated awareness of these issues, despite the dangers to US citizens being “vastly overstated.”

Read more: Only 5% of Americans Unaware of Government Surveillance Programs in Post-Snowden Era

“Our intelligence agencies are pretty scrupulous about people on US soil,” he said, though they did identify “excesses overseas.” Of course, this is to be taken with a grain of salt as many reports over the past few years have found otherwise, for example, in 2014, The Washington Post ran an investigative report that found the NSA had been tracking communications of ordinary US citizens.

Obama said: “I am of the view that there are very real reasons that government can’t willy-nilly get into everyone’s smartphones that are full of very personal data.”

“The question we now have to ask is if technologically it is possible to make an impenetrable device or system – the system is so strong; there is no key or no door – then how do we apprehend the child pornographer, how do we disrupt a terrorist plot; what mechanisms do we have available?”

Part of the government’s plan here is to engage the private sector, as it has done in other areas with initiatives like the US Digital Services.

Read more: Obama’s $19B Cybersecurity Budget to Address Talent Gap, Outdated Tech

The US Digital Services team is “world-class technology office inside of government” that helps across agencies, Obama explained. It was brought forth after the botched government rollout of the Affordable Care Act website.

“This was a little embarrassing for me because I was the cool, early adopter president. My entire campaign had been premised on having really cool technology,” Obama said.

He said the private sector, and top talent from companies like Google and Facebook, are making an “enormous difference” in areas like making sure veterans are getting services on time and fixing clunky and bloated government systems.

“The reason I’m here really is to recruit all of you. It is to [ask] you as I’m about to leave office how can we come up with new ideas, platforms, approaches to solve some of the big problems we’re facing today.”

“I want to make sure that the next president and government from here on out is constantly in improvement mode.”

Read more: Where do the presidential candidates stand on encryption?

Whether it’s encryption, addressing the digital divide where many Americans don’t have access to Internet at home, or other issues, Obama said these are “solvable problems”: we just have to be willing to participate and not wait passively for someone else to solve it.

Where do you stand on the Apple vs. FBI debate? Are you at SXSW? Let us know in the comments.

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One Comment

  1. Cicero Vicious

    Where do I stand on this? I think Obama et al are completely wrong. I find it useful to use related but somewhat removed examples to help make the point. First, the human mind - this is the demarcation point between what the government can force access to and what they cannot. Further, torture is in essence a hacking of the human mind - the attempt by an interested party to force open someone's mental contents. We find this deplorable and amoral and rightfully so. Now, some will immediately say - we're talking about a mini computer here - not someone's head. But I counter with are we? What does the computer store if not what we already would put into our brain? And if we did not have the computer, then we would use a notebook, journal, etc. to store the same information - Said another way, we'd write it down. And we have stated (via the 4th and 5th amendments) that the gov't cannot force access to your personal papers and belongings without court order. And if those papers are encrypted, then the gov't must find a way to decrypt that information WITHOUT you being forced to provide the decryption keys. I will agree the proverbial jury is out on the last piece but I feel confident that SCOTUS would rule that being forced to divulge a password is a violation of the 5th. Another way to look at this is that in decrypting your data, you are essentially being forced to produce unencrypted data to the gov't that can then be used against you and we know this is not allowed. It all boils down to the simple fact that a suspect cannot be forced to play any role whatsoever in the acquisition and collection of information that can be used against them - period. If the gov't can hack\decrypt without your help, then fine as along as they have a warrant. But as soon as you're required to participate even by the smallest degree, then that should never be allowed. The bottom line is this - it's supposed to be really hard for the gov't to get information on people and to prosecute - that was understood at the founding and should be understood today. The Framers knew that the only way to ensure the people retain the upper hand was to...well...actually give them the upper hand. The Constitution really isn't that hard if people just use some good ol' common sense and stop trying to make it more complicated than it really is. And the framework laid out 230+ years ago still works very well for this modern age - again, if people would just stop trying to make it complicated.

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